Heat and Your Health

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Who's at Risk? Everyone!

Although anyone can potentially be at risk during our summer heat season, our homeless population, elderly, children, mentally ill and people who work outside are those considered most at risk.

Health Effects

People suffer heat-related illness when their bodies are unable to compensate and properly cool themselves. The body normally cools itself by sweating. But under some conditions, sweating just isn't enough. In such cases, a person's body temperature rises rapidly. Very high body temperatures may damage the brain or other vital organs.
The number one thing you can do during this type of weather is keep cool - that means drink plenty of water, limit your outdoor activity during the warmest times of the day and cover your head when outdoors.

Water is the best fluid to drink and it is important to consume water even when you are not thirsty. Juice, alcohol and caffeine products may dehydrate you and leave you vulnerable to dehydration.

When possible, limit outdoor activity to the morning and evening.

Cover up! Wear head cover, carry an umbrella and please remember to keep children and elders covered too!

NEVER leave a child or pet alone in a parked vehicle or in the direct sun.

Heat Tips

Keep an eye on those at risk - Check on elderly neighbors, homeless, or mentally ill who may need your help when the weather is dangerously warm.

Cars and heat don't mix - NEVER leave children, pets or people needing special care in parked cars when the temperature is high.

Remember your pets
- Pets also need water, shade, and a cool place to rest.

Drink plenty of water - Your body needs water to keep cool. Avoid beverages containing alcohol or caffeine.

Cover your head - When you have to be outside in the sun, make sure you and your small children have your heads protected.

Keep fresh air circulating - If you are not in a building with air conditioning, keep some windows or doors open slightly so fresh air can come in. Remember that fans alone can dehydrate you if you are not drinking plenty of water.

Baths and showers are good - Cool down with frequent cool baths or showers, but do not take a shower immediately after becoming overheated. You may cool down too quickly and become ill or dizzy.

When working outside - If you must work outside - take precautions - wear proper clothing, take frequent breaks, try and work during the very early morning hours, cover your head, drink plenty of water and slap on sunscreen that is SPF 15 or higher.

Stay cool indoors - Stay inside and, if at all possible, in an air-conditioned place. If your home does not have air conditioning, go to the shopping mall or public library - even a few hours spent in air conditioning can help your body stay cooler when you go back into the heat.

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